Athena (Ἀθήνη, Ἀθηναἰη, Ἀθηναἰα, Ἀθἀνα, Ἀθαναἰα, Ἀθανἀα, Ἀθηνἀα) is the immortal (ἀθᾰνᾰτος) Goddess of the immortal City of Athens (Ἀθῆναι, Ἀθᾶναι) and the patron Goddess of many realms, but especially a Goddess of the battlefield. As a patron Goddess of the arts she supports the efforts of artisans to achieve immortality through their master works.
32. Ἀθηνᾶς, θυμίαμα ἀρώματα.
Translated by Catherine Proppe May 14, 2015
Divine connection: Aromatics
Παλλὰς μουνογενής, μεγάλου Διὸς ἔκγονε σεμνή,
Uniter-of-Conflicts, Sole Offspring, majestic Dios’ solemn child,
δῖα μάκαιρα θεά, πολεμόκλονε, ὀμβριμόθυμε,
Goddess of Fortune in battles polemic, mighty, impassioned,
ἄρρητε, ῥητή, μεγαλώνυμε, ἀντροδίαιτε,
Above covenants, The Covenant, of majestic realm: from cave-dwelling
ἣ διέπεις ὄχθους ὑψαύχενας ἀκρωρείους
To laying waste to hills, mountain passes, and pinnacle fortresses,
ἠδ' ὄρεα σκιόεντα, νάπαισί τε σὴν φρένα τέρπεις,
Then extending through shady woodland vales to heart’s delight,
ὁπλοχαρής, οἰστροῦσα βροτῶν ψυχὰς μανίαισι,
Weapons-gracing, spurring human souls to frenzy,
γυμνάζουσα κόρη, φρικώδη θυμὸν ἔχουσα,
Naked life’s Daughter, frisson’s passion held fast,
Γοργοφόνη, φυγόλεκτρε, τεχνῶν μῆτερ πολύολβε,
Gorgon-Slayer, shunning marriage, artful Mother of plentiful blessings,
ὁρμάστειρα, φίλοιστρε κακοῖς, ἀγαθοῖς δὲ φρόνησις·
Inciter fond of troubled histories, valiant from prudence.
ἄρσην μὲν καὶ θῆλυς ἔφυς, πολεμήτοκε μῆτι,
Manly in power and feminine by nature, warrior born of Counsel,
αἰολόμορφε, δράκαινα, φιλένθεε, ἀγλαότιμε,
Variously-shaped dragon, loving enthusiam, gloriously-honored,
Φλεγραίων ὀλέτειρα Γιγάντων, ἱππελάτειρα,
Volcanic Destroyer of Giants, Charioteer,
Τριτογένεια, λύτειρα κακῶν, νικηφόρε δαῖμον,
Third-generation Deliverer from Evil, Nike-Bearing Divinity
ἤματα καὶ νύκτας αἰεὶ νεάταισιν ἐν ὥραις,
By day and by night eternally til the final Hour,
κλῦθί μευ εὐχομένου, δὸς δ' εἰρήνην πολύολβον
I call forth with my prayer, bestow Eirene’s plenteous blessings
καὶ κόρην ἠδ' ὑγίειαν ἐπ' εὐόλβοισιν ἐν ὥραις,
And many children, too, and, Hygiea’s blessings in season,
γλαυκῶφ', εὑρεσίτεχνε, πολυλλίστη βασίλεια.
Fierce-eyed, skilled technician, much-enlisted Basileia.
 Athena (Ἀθήνη, Ἀθηναἰη, Ἀθηναἰα, Ἀθἀνα, Ἀθαναἰα, Ἀθανἀα, Ἀθηνἀα) is the immortal (ἀθᾰνᾰτος) Goddess of the immortal City of Athens (Ἀθῆναι, Ἀθᾶναι). Both Athena and Athens mean immortal: arising above (ά) + death (θᾰνᾰτος).
 Pallas Athena is the unifying immortal Goddess of the State and all its provinces.
Pallas (Παλλὰς) is translated inexplicably in the Lexicon with a ridiculous variety of meanings:
-epithet of Athena
-Pythagorean name for five
-brandisher of the spear
I believe that Pallas (Παλλὰς) means “Unifier-of-Conflicts” or “Countering Plurality Under-the-Same Roof” due to words that are similar to Pallas (Παλλὰς).
The prefix Pal- (Παλ-) means countering back and forth/to and fro. The word alla (αλλὰ) means countering. I propose that Pallas (Παλλὰς) means “countering plurality under the same roof,” an inclusive term consistent with other prefixes beginning with pa- (Πα-) such as:
Pas (πᾶς) means all.
Pan- (πάν-) is a prefix meaning all.
Pam- (παµ-) is a prefix meaning all.
Pag- (παγ-) is a prefix meaning all.
Pakt- (πακτ-) is a prefix meaning fastening together, the basis for the
The letter Π (under the same roof) combined with the letter Λ (loose) indicates
the meaning plural, many individual items combined:
Pleeth- (πληθ-) is a prefix meaning plural.
Pleio- (πλειο-) is a prefix meaning plural.
Pol- (πολ-) is a prefix meaning plural.
Poul- (πουλ-) is a prefix meaning plural.
Following this pattern, Pallas (Παλλὰς) would mean a unified plurality.
 Dios is a reference to Zeus, the immortal God of lightning storms and the spark of fire/spark of life.
 The Gorgons were a tribe in the Atlas Mountain region of Africa slain by the Amazon warriors (Diodorus of Sicily 3.54.7-3.55.2); a Gorgon is a mythical winged (representing powers of the sky), snake-haired (representing powers of the earth) beast whose face is emblazoned on Athena’s armaments.
 Metis is the immortal Goddess of Good Counsel.
 Snakes/serpents/dragons are symbols of the divine power of Earth.
 Athena destroyed a Giant by throwing the island of Sicily on top of him: “Just as long ago wise Pallas Athena had lifted up the island of Sicily and thrown it down upon great Enceladus, and it still burns continuously because the tireless giant inside the earth breathes out a smoky flame." Quintus of Smyrna, The War at Troy 14:580, trans. Frederick Combellack, p. 264.
 “…when the battle of the [G]ods [and Goddesses] and giants took place the [G]oddess (Athena) drove the chariot and horses against Enceladus." Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 47. 1 (trans. Jones) (C2nd CE.)
 The epithet Tritogenia may refer to legends placing Athena’s birth near the River Triton (Apollod. i. 4. § 6; Schol. ad Pind. Ol. vii. 66.) or her education by the river God Triton (Apollod. iii. 12. § 3).
I think Tritogenia more likely refers to Athena as third generation: Athena’s lineage begins with the protogenos (primeval) deities Gaia (Earth) and Ouranos (Heaven), who begot first generation Rhea and Kronos (Zeus’ parents) and Oceanos and Tethys (Metis’ parents), then Zeus and Metis (second generation) begot Athena (third generation).
 Nike is the immortal Goddess who bestows Victory.
 The Horai are the immortal Goddesses of the hour for something to occur in nature, such as birth, and presumably, death.
 Eirene is the immortal Goddess of Peace.
 Hygiea is the immortal Goddess of Health.
 Basileia means Queen, the basis of rule.