To the Triennial Festival of Bacchos
Divine connection: aromatics
Κικλήσκω σε, μάκαρ, πολυώνυμε, μανικέ, Βακχεῦ,
I call the blessed many-realmed manic Bacchian
ταυρόκερως, ληναῖε, πυρίσπορε, Νύσιε, λυσεῦ,
Bull-horned wine-press, fire-seeded Nysian, released
μηροτρεφής, λικνῖτα, πυριπόλε καὶ τελετάρχα,
Thigh-nurtured, liknite fire-pole and completion rites’ foundation
νυκτέρι', Εὐβουλεῦ, μιτρηφόρε, θυρσοτινάκτα,
Night-loving Good Counselor, mitra-bearer, thyrsos-shaker
ὄργιον ἄρρητον, τριφυές, κρύφιον Διὸς ἔρνος,
Mysteries not to be spoken of, tri-natured hidden Dios’ sprout
πρωτόγον', Ἠρικεπαῖε, θεῶν πάτερ ἠδὲ καὶ υἱέ,
Firstborn early seed heralded, the Gods’ and Goddesses’ father and son
ὠμάδιε, σκηπτοῦχε, χοροιμανές, ἁγέτα κώμων,
Shouldering the scepter, chorus manic leader of revelling
βακχεύων ἁγίας τριετηρίδας ἀμφὶ γαληνάς,
Bacchian holy tri-annual surrounding peace
ῥηξίχθων, πυριφεγγές, ἐπάφριε, κοῦρε διμάτωρ,
Rending the earth, firelight grazing, son of two mothers
οὐρεσιφοῖτα, κερώς, νεβριδοστόλε, ἀμφιέτηρε,
Flow-roaming horn fawnskin robed annually
Παιὰν χρυσεγχής, ὑποκόλπιε, βοτρυόκοσμε,
All-heralded golden spear ‘neath folds of grape-clustered cosmos
Βάσσαρε, κισσοχαρής, πολυπάρθενε καὶ διάκοσμε
Fox-skinned ivy charming many maidens across the cosmos
ἐλθέ, μάκαρ, μύσταισι βρύων κεχαρημένος αἰεί.
Come blessed mystae full to bursting, rejoice eternal.
 In the classic sense, “manic” means to become a medium (μ) of the divinity, in this case Bacchos, the immortal God of wine and its effects.
 The Lenaea is a festival of Bacchos held in the month of Lenaion (January) to celebrate the pressing of the grapes, lenaie (ληναῖε). The festival included dramatic contests where a goat (tragos) was sacrificed, hence the term “tragedy.”
“The poet who wished his (sic?) play to be brought out at the Lenaea applied to the second archon, who had the superintendence of this festival as well as the Anthesteria [February] , and who gave him (sic?) the chorus if the piece was thought to deserve it.” Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, p.364, William Smith, Harper & Bros, New York, 1843.
 Zeus, the God of lightning, is Bachos’ father. Zeus’ fire is the cause of Bacchos’ premature birth when it incinerated his mortal mother, Semele.
 Nysia is the name of several mountains sacred to Dionysos/Bacchos. The word means “turning-point,” “starting point,” or “finishing-post,” suggesting that Bacchos is a God of transitions, beginnings, endings.
 Zeus, the God of lightning storms and the male fertilizing principle, sewed the fetal Dionysos into his thigh to complete gestation after Dionysos’ mortal mother was consumed in the fire of Zeus’ lightning.
It is interesting to note that in Oregon, a mountainous state in the U.S., grapes grow more prosperously after mild fires, suggesting that perhaps the Bacchos fire legend reflects agricultural practices:
"The percent cover of Oregon-grape was greater after prescribed spring and fall fires in 1973 compared to a control site on the Bridger-Teton National Forest, Wyoming ."
 The liknite is a broad basket used for threshing corn (and perhaps containing a fire?) The root word for "fire" and "wheat" are the same in ancient Greek.
 A mitra is either a type of girdle worn in battle or a ceremonial head-dress.
 A thyrsus is the pinecone-tipped staff carried by Bacchos and his devotees.
 Orgia means rites, sacrifices, mysteries.
 Bacchos was raised in secret to protect him from the fury of Zeus’ wife (Hera, the Goddess of air and wind).
 Presumably Dios refers to Zeus, Bacchos’ father.
 The Lexicon translates this as “furious dancing.”
 Bacchos’ two mothers are Semele (mortal) and Zeus (divine).
 Mystae are initiates in the Mysteries.