Translated by Catherine Proppe, June 1, 2015
34. Ἀπόλλωνος, θυμίαμα μάνναν.
Ἐλθέ, μάκαρ Παιάν, Τιτυοκτόνε, Φοῖβε Λυκωρεῦ,
Come Blessed Healer, Tityos’ Slayer, Enlightened One, Lycian-tended,
Μεμφῖτ', ἀγλαότιμε, ἰήιε, ὀλβιοδῶτα,
Memphis’ gloriously honored divinity, whole life-giving,
χρυσολύρη, σπερμεῖε, ἀρότριε, Πύθιε, Τιτάν,
Golden-lyred seed-plough, Pythian Titan,
Γρύνειε, Σμινθεῦ, Πυθοκτόνε, Δελφικέ, μάντι,
Grynion, Smintheion, python-slayer, Delphi’s mantic
ἄγριε, φωσφόρε δαῖμον, ἐράσμιε, κύδιμε κοῦρε,
Agrarian light-bearer, divine beloved celebrated son,
Μουσαγέτα, χαροποιέ, ἑκηβόλε, τοξοβέλεμνε,
The Muses’ charming archer, bow launcher to the
Βράγχιε καὶ Διδυμεῦ, ἑκάεργε, Λοξία, ἁγνέ,
Branchidae of Didyma, out of stillness, oblique, pure
Δήλι' ἄναξ, πανδερκὲς ἔχων φαεσίμβροτον ὄμμα,
Delian Commander, all-seeing foundation, mortal light’s eye,
χρυσοκόμα, καθαρὰς φήμας χρησμούς τ' ἀναφαίνων·
Gold-crowned, pure, prophetic chreesmos bring to light.
κλῦθί μευ εὐχομένου λαῶν ὕπερ εὔφρονι θυμῶι·
Called forth via pure foundational divine means, release from above your kindly-disposed spirit
τόνδε σὺ γὰρ λεύσσεις τὸν ἀπείριτον αἰθέρα πάντα
Reach out, look upon us, extend unbroken and aetherial over all of
γαῖάν τ' ὀλβιόμοιρον ὕπερθέ τε καὶ δι' ἀμολγοῦ,
Gaia, the blessed Fates above, too, and from starry
νυκτὸς ἐν ἡσυχίαισιν ὑπ' ἀστεροόμματον ὄρφνην
Night within the silence above, starry Mother’s darkness
ῥίζας νέρθε δέδορκας, ἔχεις δέ τε πείρατα κόσμου
The root of Earth’s sight, foundation of the pierced cosmos
παντός· σοὶ δ' ἀρχή τε τελευτή τ' ἐστὶ μέλουσα,
Over all. Together from origin to completion let festal melodies
παντοθαλής, σὺ δὲ πάντα πόλον κιθάρηι πολυκρέκτωι
Gladden all, synchronizing all poles, your kitharas’ plentifully-strummed
ἁρμόζεις, ὁτὲ μὲν νεάτης ἐπὶ τέρματα βαίνων,
Harmonies, when the lowest string turns the dance,
ἄλλοτε δ' αὖθ' ὑπάτην, ποτὲ Δώριιον εἰς διάκοσμον
And then, alone, the highest, bestowed throughout the cosmos
πάντα πόλον κιρνὰς κρίνεις βιοθρέμμονα φῦλα,
Over all poles mixing separate life-nurtured tribes
ἁρμονίηι κεράσας τὴν παγκόσμιον ἀνδράσι μοῖραν,
Harmonically mix, then, all of the cosmos’ human fate
μίξας χειμῶνος θέρεός τ' ἴσον ἀμφοτέροισιν,
Mix winter, summer too, then, equally both of the two
εἰς ὑπάτας χειμῶνα, θέρος νεάταις διακρίνας,
The height of winter, summer’s depth through separation
Δώριον εἰς ἔαρος πολυηράτου ὥριον ἄνθος.
Give early Spring’s plentifully-loved season of blooms.
ἔνθεν ἐπωνυμίην σε βροτοὶ κλήιζουσιν ἄνακτα,
Thence named, mortals herald the revival of
Πᾶνα, θεὸν δικέρωτ', ἀνέμων συρίγμαθ' ἱέντα·
Pan, divine Dike’s rotation, the winds’ piping tune.
οὕνεκα παντὸς ἔχεις κόσμου σφραγῖδα τυπῶτιν.
On your account all foundation of the cosmos consign their forms.
κλῦθι μάκαρ, σώζων μύστας ἱκετηρίδι φωνῆι.
Be open, Blessed Savior, to the mystic suppliants’ voices.
 The prefix apo- (άπό-) means to spring from. Apollo is the immortal God of inspiration.
 The Manna ash tree, Fraxinus Ornus.
 Tityos is a Giant who attacked Apollo’s mother, Leto, and was killed by the arrows of Artemis or Apollo. Tityos is stretched out in Tartaros (the deepest realm beneath the earth) for eternal punishment.
 Phoibe means prophesy; inspire; bright; pure; radiant. Apollo is often referred to by the name of the immortal Goddess Phoibe who bequeathed inspiration for the Delphic “oracle” to Apollo, her grandson. (Aeschylus, Eumenides I)
 Apollo was born in Lycia (south shore of modern Turkey near Rhodes) and traces his “oracular” lineage maternally through Leto (mother), Phoibe (grandmother), and Gaia (great-grandmother). http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lycia_locator_map.svg
The Xanthos (Ξανθός) River of Lycia is so-named because of its yellow/gold-tinged water, said to have arisen from Leto's birth travail. The Temple of Leto, the Letoon, is located nearby.
Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 11. 21 ff (trans. Way) (Greek epic c350 CE) :
"Xanthos' stream, the stream revealed to men by Leto . . . when Lycia's stony plain was by her hands uptorn mid agonies of travail-throes wherein she brought to light mid bitter pangs those babes of birth divine (Apollo and Artemis)."
Note that amniotic fluid is clear or tinted yellow, so the implication could be that the Xanthos River is Leto’s amniotic fluid when her “water broke” in the process of giving birth to Artemis and Apollo. Note also that Xanthos (Ξανθός) literally translates, "detached from (Ξ) + arising (α) + prevailing (ν) + divine (θ) + entity (ός)."
Herodotus (The Histories 1.173, trans. Purvis) describes Lycia as a matriarchal society:
“They (the Lycians) name themselves after their mothers and not their fathers. If one person asks another who [s]he is, [s]he will recite his[/her] maternal lineage, recounting his[/her] mother and grandmother and the mothers before her.”
 Memphis, a major capital of ancient Egypt, occupied a strategic position along the Nile River adjacent to Alexandria. The sacred uncastrated Apis bull of Memphis fertilized the herd. http://www.dipwiki.com/?title=Ancient_Mediterranean
 Chryso means “golden.” Apollo the musician is closely associated with the Muses and Charites (Graces).
Pindar, Pythian Ode 1. 1 ff : "O glorious lyre, joint treasure of Apollon, and of the Mousai (Muses)."
Hesiod, Theogony 92 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th BCE) : "It is through the Mousai (Muses) and far-shooting Apollon that there are singers and harpers upon the earth."
 “Seed-plough” may refer to Apollo as planting the seeds of inspiration and may also refer to his association with the sacred Apis bull of Memphis.
 Pytho is the ancient name of Delphi. Pyth- (πύθ-) means base, foundation, essence, pith.
 The Titans reside in Tartaros in the depths of the Earth, while the Olympians reside at the heights of Mount Olympus. Apollo’s mother, Leto, is a Titan. (His father, Zeus, is an Olympian.) Titan (Τιτάν) means stretch, extend.
 Grynion (Γρύνιον) was an Aeloian city near Myrina (modern Turkey) hosting a sanctuary of Apollo. Grunos (γρῡνός) means torch.
 Sminthe was a city near Troy (modern Turkey) (Hom. Il. i. 3.9; Ov. Fast. vi. 425, Met. xii. 585; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 34). Sminth- (Σμινθ-) means mouse, an animal associated with Apollo.
 Upon taking province of the “oracle” at Delphi, Apollo killed the python (serpent, dragon) who guarded it.
 Delph- (δελφ-) is a prefix meaning womb; pig; dolphin; and tripod. Literally: directed (Δ) + essence (ε) + release (λ) + divinely-animated-entity (φ) + divine-power (ι) + core (κ) + essence (έ).
 “Mantic” means capable of channeling/inspiring.
 Apollo’s sanctuary at Didyma (modern Turkey) was referred to by Herodotus (1.46.2, 1.92.2) as the Branchidae.
(H.W. Parke, “The Massacre of the Branchidae, The Journal of Hellenic Studies, Vol. 105 (1985), pp. 59-68, http://www.jstor.org/stable/631522?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents )
The sanctuary at Didyma was named for the Branchidae family, the male and female family of priests who administered the “oracular” facility.
“Oracular responses were given by a priestess esconced above a sacred spring.” http://www.jstor.org/stable/639826?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Four of the Branchid statues in which Hittite influence is apparent and which have been dated back to the 6th century BCE, are on display in the museum in nearby Miletus.
 Didyma means “twin” and refers to Apollo and his twin sister Artemis who had a major sanctuary nearby. The twin sanctuaries were connected by a Sacred Road. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Didyma
 Delos Island is the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis. Delos literally means “disclose, make manifest.”
 Chryso- means “golden.”
 Chreesmos means “oracle, message from the divine.”
 Gaia is the immortal Goddess of generative Earth.
 The Moirai (Μοῒραι) are the immortal Goddesses who transmit a person’s fate or “portion” of life.
 Night is a primordial Goddess, the mother of Day (Hesiod, Theogony 123-124).
 The night sky appears to be pierced with stars. According to Hesiod, Earth is the mother (without paternity) of the Heavens/Stars. (Hesiod, Theogony 123-124).
 A kithara is a lyre, a seven-stringed musical instrument.
 Apollo is believed to harmonize the cosmos with his music.
 The lowest three strings provide the highest pitch.
 Pan is the immortal God of "All," depicted as a musical, comical, rural, dancing figure.
 Dike is the immortal Goddess of Justice, the “wheel” of justice.
 Anemones are scarlet, spring-blooming flowers associated with Aphrodite, Goddess of Love, and Adonis, God of rebirth. Poppy anemone, Anemone coronaria; scarlet wind-flower, Anemone fulgens; mountain wind-flower, Anemone blanda; ἀνέμ is a prefix that means “wind, winds, windy”
 The syrinx is a flute, “Pan-pipe” made of reeds.