Translated by Catherine Proppe, April 24, 2014
58. Ἔρωτος, θυμίαμα ἀρώματα.
Divine connection/incense: aromatics
Κικλήσκω μέγαν, ἁγνόν, ἐράσμιον, ἡδὺν Ἔρωτα,
Come forth majestic pure beloved dear Eros,
τοξαλκῆ, πτερόεντα, πυρίδρομον, εὔδρομον ὁρμῆι,
Winged mighty-archer of flaming, swift-coursed assault,
συμπαίζοντα θεοῖς ἠδὲ θνητοῖς ἀνθρώποις,
Playful God dear to mortal humans,
εὐπάλαμον, διφυῆ, πάντων κληῖδας ἔχοντα,
Skillful, two-natured, unlocking all foundations
αἰθέρος οὐρανίου, πόντου, χθονός, ἠδ' ὅσα θνητοῖς
Of the ether, the sky, the sea, the earth, so dear to mortals’
πνεύματα παντογένεθλα θεὰ βόσκει χλοόκαρπος,
Pneumatic all-generative Goddess who feeds tender green fruits,
ἠδ' ὅσα Τάρταρος εὐρὺς ἔχει πόντος θ' ἁλίδουπος·
Dear one of Tartaros’ good river, foundation of the sea, God of the roaring sea
μοῦνος γὰρ τούτων πάντων οἴηκα κρατύνεις.
Alone, thence, too, all-guiding ruler.
ἀλλά, μάκαρ, καθαραῖς γνώμαις μύσταισι συνέρχου,
Then, happily, pure intellect of the mystai synchronize encased
φαύλους δ' ἐκτοπίους θὁρμὰς ἀπὸ τῶνδ' ἀπόπεμπε.
Ease from migration of semen spring thence send forth.
 Eros is the immortal God of the force that pulls things together, in contrast to Eris/Strife, the immortal force that pulls things apart:
“[Hippolytus] For when the things which come to be by strife’s [Eris] agency die, love [Eros] receives them and draws them towards, puts them with, and assimilates them to the universe, so that the universe might remain one, always being organized by love in one manner and form.”
(Empedocles (circa 450 BCE). The Poem of Empedocles, translated by Brad Inwood (University of Toronto Press, 2001.) 31-32)
Seneca’s description of Eros in Phaedra depicts the unremitting fire of love.
“This winged [G]od [Eros] rules ruthlessly throughout the earth and inflames Jove [Zeus] himself, wounded with unquenched fires.”
(Seneca (circa 50 CE). Phaedra, translated by Frank Justus Miller (London: William Heinemann and New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1917) 186ff.) http://www.theoi.com/Text/SenecaPhaedra.html
 Two-natured: Heavenly/Earthly, Androgynous. Primordial Eros is associated with bisexual primordial Phanes, from whence emerged Sky and Earth. (?Perhaps, Milky Way/Heavens=egg white of the egg, generative earth=yolk?)
“. . . in the Orpheus of Athenagoras, the two halves of the egg from which Phanes sprang go to make Heaven and Earth.”
(W. K. C. Guthrie. Orpheus and the Greek Religion (New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1952 by Methuen & Co., copyright 1993 by Princeton University Press) 80, 85.)
The Derveni Papyrus describes Phanes as a male/female entity who emerged from an egg:
“First, there was Chronos or Time (Chronology). From Chronos, Aither and Chasma or Chaos [Foundation] were born. Chronos places an egg in Aither. The egg is also called white tunic (argeeta chitona (άργῆτα χιτῶνα)) or cloud (nepheleen (νεφελήν)). The [G]od[/dess] Phanes breaks out from the egg . . . Phanes is a marvellous (sp. sic) creature. He/she is of both sexes . . .”
(Gabor Betegh, The Derveni Papyrus: Cosmology, Theology and Interpretation (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004) 141-142.) http://books.google.com/books?id=5HaKQFeYSBEC&q=egg#v=snippet&q=egg&f=false
 Pneumatic means of the breath.
 May be a reference to the immortal Goddess Hera (Air) in reference to the wind’s role in fertilizing plants. Noted that Eros is a winged (aerial) deity.
 Tartaros is the deepest realm beneath the earth.
 The river is likely a reference to Lethe, the river of forgetfulness in the afterlife. A deceased soul who drinks from Lethe is reincarnated in a new life on earth, which necessitates the activities of love.
 The Greek word is “phaulous,” a homonym of “phallus.”
 In published hymns, the Greek is euphemistically hyphenated as “θ’ ὁρμὰς.”
 Seems to be describing the springing forth of the encased-in-foreskin phallus to an erect state.