82. Νότου, θυμίαμα λίβανον.
To Notos, God of the Rainy South Wind
Divine connection: libanon (frankincense)
Λαιψηρὸν πήδημα δι’ ἠέρος ὑγροπόρευτον,
Swift nimble leaping air, water conveying,
ὠκείαις πτερύγεσσι δονούμενον ἔνθα καὶ ἔνθα,
Whose fleet wings convulse powerfully to and fro,
ἔλθοις σὺν νεφέλαις νοτίαις, ὄμβροιο γενάρχα·
Come with the southern Nephelai, rain-generating architect,
τοῦτο γὰρ ἐκ Διός ἐστι σέθεν γέρας ἠερόφοιτον,
Then bring forth Dios’ essence together with ancient air-wandering
ὀμβροτόκους νεφέλας ἐξ ἠέρος εἰς χθόνα πέμπειν.
Rain-born clouds, extract air’s essence and send it to earth.
τοιγάρ τοι λιτόμεσθα, μάκαρ, ἱεροῖσι χαρέντα
Then, too, I pray, O blessed, holy, gracious one,
πέμπειν καρποτρόφους ὄμβρους ἐπὶ μητέρα γαῖαν.
Send fruit-nurturing rain upon Mother Gaia.
 Notos is the immortal God of the rainy south wind, literally “prevailing (Ν) + entity-of (ό) + stretch/extension (του).” Presumably, stretching/extending life because water is essential to life and growth, or, the furthermost point from the base, which is north (Boreas).
Notios (νοτιος) means moist, damp, rainy; to the south, southern. Notis (νοτίς) means moisture.
Hesiod, Ovid, Statius, and Nonnos describe the intense rains brought by Notos, the South Wind: (courtesy of www.Theoi.com )
Hesiod, Works and Days 663 ff :
"…the fierce gales of Notos who accompanies the heavy autumn rain of Zeus and stirs up the sea and makes the deep dangerous."
Ovid, Metamorphoses 1. 56 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"… Auster [Notos] brings the rain."
Ovid, Metamorphoses 1. 262 ff :
"[Zeus plans the great Deluge :] … and out on soaking wings Notus flew, his ghastly features veiled in deepest bloom. His beard was sodden with rain, his white hair drenched; mists wreathed his brow and streaming water fell from wings and chest; and when in giant hands he crushed the hanging clouds, the thunder crashed and storms of blinding rain poured down from heaven."
Statius, Thebaid 1. 346 ff (trans. Mozley):
"And now … Auster [Notos the South-Wind] most violent thickens gloom on gloom with whirling eddies of darkness, and pours down rain…
Statius, Thebaid 5. 705 ff :
"Auster [Notos the South-Wind] black with rain has upheaved the sea."
Statius, Thebaid 8. 422 ff :
"When threatening Jove [Zeus] has loosed the reins of winds and tempests, and sends alternate hurricanes to afflict the world, opposing forces meet in heaven, now Auster’s (Notos’) storms prevail, now Aquilo’s [Boreas the north-wind’s], till in the conflict of the winds one conquers, be it Auster’s overwhelming rains, or Aquilo’s clear air."
Nonnos, Dionysiaca 6. 18 ff (trans. Rouse) :
"She [Demeter] hastened with quick foot to the house of Astraios the god of prophecy . . . The four Aetai (Winds) fitted aprons round their waists as their father’s waiters. Euros (the East Wind) held out the cups by the mixing-bowl and poured in the nectar, Notos (the South Wind) had the water ready in his jug for the meal, Boreas (the North Wind) brought the ambrosia and set it on the table, Zephyros (the West Wind) fingering the notes of the hoboy made a tune on his reeds of spring-time…”
 The Nephelai are the immortal Goddesses of the clouds.
 Dios, a generic word for deity, refers here to Zeus, the immortal God of lightning storms and the spark of fire/spark of life.
 Gaia is the immortal Goddess of generative earth.