29. Ὕμνος Περσεφόνης.
To Persephone, Goddess of the Afterlife and Spring Renewal
Περσεφόνη, θύγατερ μεγάλου Διός, ἐλθέ, μάκαιρα,
Persephone, daughter of mighty Dios, come, blessed Lady,
μουνογένεια θεά, κεχαρισμένα δ' ἱερὰ δέξαι,
Sole offspring of the Goddess, gracious power who receives the sanctified,
Πλούτωνος πολύτιμε δάμαρ, κεδνή, βιοδῶτι,
Plouton’s greatly-honored spouse, trusted giver of life,
ἣ κατέχεις Ἀίδαο πύλας ὑπὸ κεύθεα γαίης,
Held fast by Aidao’s gates below, in the depths of Earth,
Πραξιδίκη, ἐρατοπλόκαμε, Δηοῦς θάλος ἁγνόν,
Lady Justice, lovely-tressed pure daughter of Demeter,
Εὐμενίδων γενέτειρα, ὑποχθονίων βασίλεια,
Mother of the Eumenides, netherworld Queen,
ἣν Ζεὺς ἀρρήτοισι γοναῖς τεκνώσατο κούρην,
Who as a daughter gave birth to famed Zeus’ unnamed offspring.
μῆτερ ἐριβρεμέτου πολυμόρφου Εὐβουλῆος,
Mother of the loud-thundering, many-shaped Euboulos.
Ὡρῶν συμπαίκτειρα, φαεσφόρε, ἀγλαόμορφε,
The Hours’ playmate, light-bearing, gloriously formed,
σεμνή, παντοκράτειρα, κόρη καρποῖσι βρύουσα,
Solemn, all-ruling daughter of fruit full to bursting,
εὐφεγγής, κερόεσσα, μόνη θνητοῖσι ποθεινή,
Bright-shining, horned essence, singularly longed for by mortals.
ἐαρινή, λειμωνιάσιν χαίρουσα πνοῆισιν,
In springtime meadow-dwelling, rejoicing in the breeze,
ἱερὸν ἐκφαίνουσα δέμας βλαστοῖς χλοοκάρποις,
Holy emerging light’s essence embodied in budding green fruit,
ἁρπαγιμαῖα λέχη μετοπωρινὰ νυμφευθεῖσα,
Then, snatched away from the midwife’s bed,
ζωὴ καὶ θάνατος μούνη θνητοῖς πολυμόχθοις,
Eternal life and death became one with mortals’ many hardships.
Φερσεφόνεια· φέρβεις γὰρ ἀεὶ καὶ πάντα φονεύεις.
Phersephone, who feeds all eternally and puts all to death,
κλῦθι, μάκαιρα θεά, καρποὺς δ' ἀνάπεμπ' ἀπὸ γαίης
Come, blessed Goddeess, send up fruit upon Gaia’s earth,
εἰρήνηι θάλλουσα καὶ ἠπιοχείρωι ὑγείαι
Let Eirene’s peace thrive and the soothing hand of Hygeia,
καὶ βίωι εὐόλβωι λιπαρὸν γῆρας κατάγοντι
And life, good whole life, to a rich old age, bring forth,
πρὸς σὸν χῶρον, ἄνασσα, καὶ εὐδύνατον Πλούτωνα.
Bring forth upon your land, Anassa, with benevolent Plouton.
 Persephone, also called Phersephone, is the immortal Goddess of the afterlife and new life in Spring.
 Dios refers to Zeus, the immortal God of lightning storms and the spark of fire/spark of life.
 The Goddess is Demeter, the Goddess who directs the growth of plants, the “Directing (Δη) + Mother (μήτερος).”
 Plouton is the immortal God of wealth and the afterlife.
 Aidao is the afterlife.
 Gaia is the immortal Goddess of generative earth.
 Praxidike is the immortal Goddess who exacts justice, the practictioner (Πραξι) of Justice/Dike (δίκη).
 Deeous (Δηοῦς) is Demeter, “directing (Δ) + central (η) + entity (ο) + pure (ῦ).”
 The Eumenides, “Good Powers,” is another name for the Goddesses who avenge crimes and persecute wrongdoers.
 Basileia means Queen, ruler, basis.
 Zagreus (Ζαγρευς), see Theoi.com http://www.theoi.com/Georgikos/Zagreus.html .
 Euboulos means “Good Counselor,” and is another name for Dionysos, the immortal God of wine and its effects.
 The Hours are the immortal Goddesses of the seasons, of the natural time for things to occur.
 Interestingly, ἁρπαγιμαῖος describes Selene, Goddess of the moon, at the close of the month and is translated as “scarcely visible.” The word is more often translated as “seized, stolen, forcible abduction. Another time this word is used in reference to the moon (Selene) is “ἐν ἁρπαγῇ σελήνης,” that is, “when the moon is invisible.”
Ares (Ἄρης) is the immortal God of war, destruction, plague, and ruin. Ara (Ἀρά) is personified as the Goddess of destruction and revenge. The word ἁρπαγιμαῖα could be broken down as follows:
- ἁρ (destroy)
- παγι (all)
- μαῖα (midwife, foster-mother, good-mother/grandmother, mother)
 Eirene is the immortal Goddess of peace.
 Hygeia is the immortal Goddess of health.
 Anassa means Queen, Lady, she who goes above.