27. Μητρὸς θεῶν, θυμίαμα ποικίλα.
To the Mother of the Goddesses and Gods
Divine media: many varieties
Ἀθανάτων θεότιμε θεῶν μῆτερ, τροφὲ πάντων,
Immortal, divinely-honored Mother of the Goddesses and Gods, nurturer of all.
τῇιδε μόλοις, κράντειρα θεά, σέο, πότνι’, ἐπ' εὐχαῖς,
From Ida, come, Ruler, Goddess, Potnia, upon these prayers,
ταυροφόνων ζεύξασα ταχύδρομον ἅρμα λεόντων,
In your bullslaying yoked, whirling, speedily-coursing carriage pulled by lions.
σκηπτοῦχε κλεινοῖο πόλου, πολυώνυμε, σεμνή,
Scepter-bearer, renowned to all by many honored names,
ἣ κατέχεις κόσμοιο μέσον θρόνον, οὕνεκεν αὐτὴ
Holding the center of the cosmos, the middle throne, alone.
γαῖαν ἔχεις θνητοῖσι τροφὰς παρέχουσα προσηνεῖς.
Earth’s foundation, mortal nurterer, bountiful provider,
ἐκ σέο δ' ἀθανάτων τε γένος θνητῶν τ' ἐλοχεύθη,
Of thou immortals are born, mortals, too, brought to birth.
σοὶ ποταμοὶ κρατέονται ἀεὶ καὶ πᾶσα θάλασσα,
Thou rules the rivers eternally and all seas.
Ἑστία αὐδαχθεῖσα· σὲ δ' ὀλβοδότιν καλέουσι,
Hestia’s audible divine foundation of whole-life gifts I call,
παντοίων ἀγαθῶν θνητοῖς ὅτι δῶρα χαρίζῃ,
To all purified mortals give grace,
ἔρχεο πρὸς τελετήν, ὦ πότνια, τυμπανοτερπής,
Set forth, lead the completion rites, Potnia who delights in the tympanum,
πανδαμάτωρ, Φρυγίης, σώτειρα, Κρόνου συνόμευνε,
All-directing Mother, Phrygian savior, Kronos’ partner,
Οὐρανόπαι, πρέσβειρα, βιοθρέπτειρα, φίλοιστρε·
Ouranos’ child, honored elder, life-nourisher, lover of history.
ἔρχεο γηθόσυνος, κεχαρημένη εὐσεβίηισιν.
Come, joyful, gracious power, well-revered.
Mount Ida (in modern day Turkey) is considered to be the home of the Mother of the Olympic Goddesses and Gods, Rhea (Ῥεία, Ῥέα, Ῥείη, or Ῥέη). Mount Ida on Crete is believed to be where Rhea gave birth to Zeus, God of lightning storms and the male fertility principle. Rhea’s name means “flow.” In Phrygia (Turkey), Rhea was equated with the Goddess Kybele, the Great Mother Goddess.
Kronos, Rhea’s husband, is the immortal God of time.
Potnia is a title of honor addressed to women and Goddesses, i.e. Queen, revered.
Lions are often referred to as “bull-slaying.” Since the bull is associated with male deities and the lion is associated with the Great Mother of the Goddesses and Gods, “bull-slayng lion” may reflect the Great Mother’s ultimate power. (It is of interest to note that in Chinese art, the male lion is depicted with his paw on the globe, while the female lion is depicted with her paw on the infant lion, conveying that the male lion rules the world, but the mother lion rules her son.)
The constellation Virgo (August-September), appears to be “pulled” through the zodiac by the side-by-side constellations Leo (the lion) and Leo Minor (the little lion) (July-August). “In a chariot pulled by lions” is a common epithet of the Great Mother of the Goddesses and Gods.
Thalassa (θάλασσα) is the immortal Goddess of the seas.
Hestia (Ἑστία) is the immortal Goddess of the hearth and altar fire.
The tympanum is a hand drum, a tambourine.
Rhea is the daughter of Ouranos, God of the sky, and Ge, Goddess of generative Earth.